what is a flank in military terms

If time and circumstances allowed, field fortifications could be created or expanded to protect the flanks, as the Allied forces did with the hamlet of Papelotte and the farmhouse of Hougoumont on the left and right flanks at the Battle of Waterloo. An unprotected flank is “in the air”, while a protected flank is a “refused flank”. This site is not endorsed by any one political, governmental or military entity and remains a wholly-independent online property (click. Flank: Used as a noun, a “flank” is the end (or side) of a military position, also called a “wing”. The term ‘Flanker’ is used in military terms to describe a soldier positioned to protect the flank of troops in the march. the side of an animal or a person between the ribs and hip. the thin piece of flesh constituting this part. flank A flank is the side of something, whether of beef or a military formation. English new terms dictionary. The US commands and units withdrawn from Germany will not be moved to the eastern flank countries. To “flank” a position is to attack it from the side instead of head-on, and a flanking maneuver is an attempt to move troops into a position where they can attack a flank. the … The publication in question pertains to NATO’s mobility in Europe, namely the alliance’s ability to send in reinforcements and create a military detachment on its eastern flank. Although not strictly impassable, woods, forests, rivers, broken, and marshy ground can also be used to anchor a flank: Henry V at Agincourt. Since technology has changed, not all of them are in current use, or they may have been superseded by more modern terms. As long as they had a place on the battlefield, it was the role of cavalry to be placed on the flanks of the infantry battle line. In the Roman chequer board formation, readopted by Renaissance militaries, each of the units in the front line could be thought of as having two lines of units echeloned behind it. Who Can Be Affected by Piriformis Syndrome? Put simply, a military force’s sides are called its flanks. in flank Military. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Marching flank definition is - the flank of a military command farthest from the pivot when executing a change of direction. a. the right or left side of a work or fortification. flank translation in English-Chinese dictionary. (verb) Two stone lions flanked the entrance. That is the source of the tradition of giving the honour of the right to the most senior regiment present, which has persisted into the modern era. A classic example is Hannibal's victory over the Roman armies at the Battle of Cannae. At the Battle of Platea, the Tegeans squabbled with the Athenians on who should have the privilege of holding a flank; both having conceded the honour of the right flank (the critical flank in the hoplite system) to the Spartans. Such a strategy is not new, and Hannibal attacked Rome by going over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route. The most effective form of flanking maneuver is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on both sides of the enemy. 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Flank may refer to: . Envelopment is a military tactic that includes "single envelopment" which is synonymous with "flank attack". This results from the need for expedient and clear communication. Side either Left side or Right side we use Left Flank or Right Flank. The platoon may be marched to the flank for short distance only when marching in column. Related: Flanked; flanking. possibility of isolating the enemy from their rear, disrupting their lines of communications and the influx of supplies and reinforcements. If a flanking maneuver succeeds, the opposing force would be surrounded or have to fight from two or more directions. A part of the attacking unit “fixes” the enemy with suppressive fire, preventing them from returning fire, retreating or changing position to meet the flank attack. Such a strategy is not new, and Hannibal attacked Rome by going over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route. Flanking is useful because a force's fighting strength is typically concentrated in its front, therefore to circumvent an opposing force's front and attack its flank is to concentrate one's own offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defense. 1 0. Units friendly to the ambushing unit may be hidden to the sides of the ambush site to surround the enemy, but care must be taken in setting up fields of fire to avoid friendly fire. NOTE: I have posted my demonstrators in the forward march position as this movement can only be executed while marching forward with a 30-inch step. One type is employed in an ambush, where a unit performs a surprise attack from a concealed position. The most effective form of flanking manoeuvre is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on both sides of the enemy. The side of … flank in. The publication in question pertains to NATO’s mobility in Europe, namely the alliance’s ability to send in reinforcements and create a military detachment on its eastern flank. flank - the side of military or naval formation; "they attacked the enemy's right flank" 1590s (military), "to guard the flank," also, "to menace the flank, fire sideways upon," from flank (n.). WORD ORIGINS ; LANGUAGE QUESTIONS ; WORD LISTS; SPANISH DICTIONARY; More . In practise, that almost never happened since most enemy commanders saw it for what it was and so resisted the temptation of the initial easy flanking attack. Translating military terms Learn how to describe your military experiences in terms that civilian employers can understand. The outermost strip of a road. The Franks (Latin: Franci or gens Francorum) were a group of Germanic peoples whose name was first mentioned in 3rd-century Roman sources, and associated with tribes between the Lower Rhine and the Ems River, on the edge of the Roman Empire. Coordination to avoid friendly fire is also important in this situation. Examples are the Second World War's German Winter Line in Italy anchored by the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas and the trench systems of the Western Front which ran from the North Sea to the Alps. FOI, newspapers, journals, books & websites). With speed and greater tactical flexibility, the cavalry could both make flanking attacks and guard against them. in flank Military. With no cavalry, inferior cavalry or in armies whose cavalry had gone off on their own (a common complaint), depending on the disposition of the infantry to guard against flanking attacks. Initially, the Russians were more successful than the British in gaining territorial concessions in China, but the British were able to counteract that by the cultivation of the emerging Empire of Japan as a counterweight to the Russians, a relationship that culminated in the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. With the battle on the wing won, the reinforced flank would turn and roll up the enemy battle line from the flank. 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The following is an extract: Flank attack ( Mil . Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content. Employed in an ambush, where a unit performs a surprise attack from a position... ” - Defence24 has gained relevant access to that document not new, the! By any one political, governmental or military entity and remains a online. An army or fleet but instead flank them by swinging through neutral Belgium a basic military that... Flesh between the last rib and the hip Invasion of Italy itself, the unit commander may decide order. Property ( click, led by Captain Ramirez, opened up from their right.... The cavalry of both sides preventing the other from action around its vaunted Maginot line and attacking the through. Conjugations and audio pronunciations of a military formation name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® trademarks! 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